If you signed a tenancy agreement with another person (your names are on the same document) then it will be classed as a joint tenancy. They are common amongst students and families as everyone is likely move in and leave at the same time.
Since joint tenancies rely on mutual trust, you should only enter a joint tenancy with people you know well. This will help to avoid disputes over things like rent payments and getting the deposit back.
Make sure everyone plans to stay at the property for the period of the fixed term; everyone is equally liable on a joint tenancy for the rent. This means that you are all legally responsible for all of the rent, not just your own portion, even if someone else leaves.
Responsibilities of joint tenants
Since joint tenants are under one agreement, they all share the same responsibilities and face the same consequences as if they were one tenant. This means that everyone must look after the property and follow the terms of the tenancy agreement. If one person breaks a term in the tenancy agreement then everyone is liable, not just the guilty tenant.
Joint tenants should also elect a lead tenant who the landlord or letting agent can correspond with.
Ending a joint tenancy
Landlords can not solely evict one tenant from the property, they would have to evict everyone and end the tenancy. A new tenancy agreement would need to be drafted and signed if the tenents (who were not the cause for eviction) wanted to remain in the property.
A joint tenant can end the tenancy by giving valid notice, without the agreement of the other tenants, once the tenancy's fixed term has concluded. This ends the tenancy for everyone in the shared home, all tenants must leave unless a new fixed term tenancy agreement is drawn up for anyone who wants to stay.
You can not end a fixed-term tenancy before it expires unless the tenancy agreement has a break clause or all the joint tenants and the landlord agree to end it.
If you want to move out of your rented home, you might be wondering what you have to do. This guide will help make sure your everything is in order before you pack up.
Getting the deposit back from a joint tenancy
When a deposit for a joint tenancy is protected, only one tenant is named (the lead tenant). Since joint tenancies are technically one tenancy, there is only one deposit but it can be made up of payments from each tenant. Once the tenancy ends, the deposit will be returned to the lead tenant.
It is the lead tenant’s responsibility to distribute the returned deposit to the other tenants accordingly. The deposit scheme, landlord or letting agent cannot assist with this once the deposit is returned so make sure you know who the lead tenant is and agree on how to split the returned deposit.
The Government introduced measures to make sure tenancy deposits are protected whilst they are with the landlord or letting agent. This guide covers everything you need to know.
If you signed a tenancy agreement where only your name features on the contract, it will be classes as a separate tenancy. They usually occur when you move into a shared property that is already occupied. Being on a separate tenancy will likely mean you’re living with strangers.
Housemates with different lifestyles can take some getting used to so our advice aims to help maintain a positive, amicable living space whilst renting shared accommodation.
Responsibilities of separate tenants
Separate tenants must look after communal areas of the property such as kitchen and living room and are responsible for the specific area of the property they rent, i.e their bedroom.
Ending a separate tenancy
Unlike joint tenancies, if an eviction were to occur, only the tenant named on the eviction notice would have to vacate the property.
If you are a separate tenant, you can leave your tenancy by giving notice once your fixed-term ends or by giving the correct notice on a periodic tenancy. Since the tenancies are separate, no other tenant will have to leave the property and the landlord will look to find a replacement tenant.
Getting the deposit back from a separate tenancy
As a separate tenants you are entitled to the deposit you paid, minus any deductions. Only damage which occurred in your room can be deducted from your deposit, you can not be charged for damage to another tenant’s room unless you caused it. Deductions may also be taken for any damage in communal areas.
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